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Research has shown that more than 23 million people in the United States experience some kind of mental anxiety making it the most common mental illness in the country.  Anxiety is an illness when you cannot keep your anxious feelings under control and anxiety disorders involve extreme levels of negative emotions i.e. nervousness, fear, worry and tension and these anxious feelings just decide to show up despite your efforts to keep them at bay.

Mental anxiety is more than just how you feel, anxiety involves several physical symptoms and because of these several symptoms, people who suffer from anxiety often mistake their disorder for a serious medical illness. It might take a while to diagnose mental anxiety. 

Causes of mental anxiety

There are several causes of anxiety and some of the rarest and severe cases are caused by brain chemical imbalances and these cases can only be treated by using powerful medication. Other anxiety problems such as generalised anxieties and seasonal anxieties can be caused by factors such as:
„X Poor Diet
„X Menopause
„X Puberty
„X Low blood sugar
„X Too much coffee intake
„X Lack of exercises
„X Genetic causes
„X Alcohol consumption
„X Fear of rooted in negative events in the past

Anxiety is said to occur when people hold in their fears over a long period of time and each mental anxiety manifests different symptoms, but all the signs of anxiety attacks have the same symptom in common and that is “fear and dread.”

The key signs of an anxiety disorder include:

a) Fear and anxiety that just appear for no reason whatsoever
b) Constant and unrealistic worrying about day to day tasks
c) Continuous/ endless checking and re-checking action

Let’s look at three main mental anxiety disorders

1) Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) – this disorder is chronic, exaggerated worries, irritability and tension without reason. The physical signs that usually accompany the psychological signs are:

„X Sweating
„X Headaches
„X Diarrhea
„X Restlessness
„X Trouble falling asleep or trouble with staying asleep
„X Fatigue
„X Trembling or twitching

2) Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) – this is involves the recurring unwanted thoughts; if the person suffering from OCD does not act upon his or her compulsive thoughts, then anxiety builds up and this leads to ritualized behaviour that will help relieve the anxiety.

3) Panic Disorder – this anxiety manifests as an unexpected and uncontrollable attack of fear and lasts for about 30 to 90 minutes. Panic disorders usually lead to “agoraphobia” which also makes the sufferer avoid certain activities. The symptoms of panic disorder include:
„X Choking
„X Nausea
„X Dizziness
„X Feeling of going crazy
„X Chest pains
„X Sweating
„X Numbness or tingling
„X Shaking
„X Racing heart
„X Hot flashes or cold chills
„X Fear of dying
„X Shortness of breath
„X Feeling unreality

Other mental anxiety disorders also include;
- Phobias
- Acute and Post-traumatic stress disorders
-  Agoraphobia

These disorders can be treated by simply changing to a healthier lifestyle, counselling and taking some time out to relax and de-stress.