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In most warm climates, people don’t have basements. In coldesr climates, foundations of a house must be built below the frost line. This can be quite deep, and since you’ll need a deep foundation anyway, it makes sense to create a usable space within your foundation walls. Having a basement in your home can add a lot of living or storage space, depending on whether you choose to finish your basement. If you don’t need the extra space yourself, you can convert your basement into an apartment to rent out. Basement finishing can get quite expensive, but if you live in the right area and you’re able to rent it, you’ll make that money back. In warmer climates, house foundations are much shallower, so building an entire floor underground is a waste of time. In North America and parts of Europe, many people have cellars in their basement. In fact, some people don’t have basements, but just one big cellar. A cellar is a useful thing to have in your basement because you can use it for storage and for keeping food or wine cool without wasting electricity. Cellars stay cool year round because they’re buried deep in the cold ground.
Some of the biggest problems associated with basements are dampness, water damage, and flooding. The fact that your basement is under the ground makes it very susceptible to flooding. Not only do you have to deal with ground water seeping through your basement walls, but also runoff water from above ground. These sorts of problems can be quite serious and aren’t the easiest to correct. If your basement has groundwater or runoff running into it, you should act immediately. Moisture in your basement can cause moulding and water damage to your furniture. If you don’t have serious water leakage problems in your basement, but your basement’s just a bit damp, you can use a basement dehumidifier to pull water out of the air and reduce condensation around you basement. Basement dehumidifiers are sometimes even built in as part of your air conditioning unt. A basement dehumidifier is a great thing to use if your basement gets damp because dampness can do a lot of damage to furniture and walls. You can buy a basement dehumidifier in a department store for not too much, depending on the size. You need to look for a basement dehumidifier that’s designed to cover a certain area. If you have a very large basement, you may need more than one basement dehumidifier to do the job. Most basement dehumidifiers collect water from the air into a bucket or some sort of receptacle, which you have to empty regularly to keep them from overflowing. If you’re not sure whether you need a basement dehumidifier or not, there are a few easy ways to find out. If you find your basement is very damp and there’s condensation on your walls, or if your furniture always feels a bit sticky, then you probably need abasement dehumidifier.
Generally, basements aren’t built in places with a high water table, like many of America’s south eastern states. Basements aren’t built there because the cost of basement waterproofing in a place like Florida or Louisiana is much too high. Where floods are common anyway, a basement would soon fill up with water from outside or from the ground water around it.
Basement flooring can get quite cold sometimes, so its important to wear slippers or have rugs on your basement floor to avoid getting cold feet. Some people use hardwood or carpeting for their basement flooring but there are other, sometimes cheaper, options. For instance if your finishing your basement to make it a living area, you might want to heat the floors. This is a good alternative to central air because the infrastructure is simpler and it’s a very effective mean of heating an entire basement. If you’re installing your own basement flooring, you can get started by pulling up any old flooring so that you’re left with the original concrete basement flooring. You shouldn’t just put your new basement flooring on top of your old basement flooring because basement ceilings aren’t very high to begin with, and adding more floor will make your basement ceiling seem even lower. Once you’ve removed the old flooring, you can start laying down the water pipes that will heat your basement flooring. You should make sure your water pipes are properly connected and sealed before you move on because there will be no going back. The next step in installing your new heated basement flooring is to pour concrete aver and around the pipes to create the new surface of your basement flooring. It’s important to get the concrete into all the spaces between pipes or your basement flooring will crack. The formation of cracks in your basement flooring is bad because it can damage your water pipes, which won’t be accessible for repair or adjustment once the concrete has been laid. You can avoid air pockets in your concrete by using special vibrating tools around your basement flooring pipes. Setting concrete in a basement can also be a challenge because basements are usually cooler than is ideal for setting concrete. You’ll have to monitor the temperature inside your basement as your basement flooring is setting. If you don’t intend to put any other basement flooring over the concrete base, you can have a polished concrete floor, which gives a really nice finish. Heated polished concrete basement flooring is a great idea because your basement flooring stays warm in the winter and cool in the summer.
Basement finishing can be a very big job, especially if you live in an old house with an unfinished basement. Many old houses need to be completely rewired, which can be one of the biggest costs of your basement finishing project. You should always set a budget before beginning any sort of basement finishing project. In your basement finishing budget, you should allow for wiring, replacing flooring, fixtures, lighting, and so on, as well as final touches and unexpected costs. You would be amazed at how many unexpected costs you can run into, so allow a fair chunk of your budget, at least twenty percent, for unexpected costs.