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  • Louisiana Blogs

  • Good Ol’ Louisiana

     

    Louisiana is a state located in the southern territory of the United States. The capital of Louisiana is Baton Rouge and its biggest city is New Orleans. Louisiana (also known as New France) was named after Louis XIV, King of France from 1643–1715. When René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle claimed the territory drained by the Mississippi River for France, he named it La Louisiane, meaning "Land of Louis". Louisiana was part of the Viceroyalty of the Spanish Empire. The region was acquired by United States in 1803 through the Louisiana bought from France.

     

    On the west Louisiana is linked with the state of Texas; in north bordered with Arkansas; in the eastern border there is state of Mississippi; and to the south by the Gulf of Mexico. The higher lands and contiguous hill lands of the north and northwestern part of the state have an area of more than 25,000 square miles (65,000 km²).

    The climate of Louisiana is humid subtropical, perhaps the most "classic" example of a humid subtropical climate of all the long, hot, humid summers and short, mild winters are common in Southwestern Rainfall constant throughout the year, however, the summer is slightly wetter than the rest of the year. Summers in Louisiana are hot and humid, with high temperatures from mid-June to mid-September averaging 90 °F (32 °C) or more and overnight lows averaging above 70 °F (22 °C). In the summer, the extreme maximum temperature is much warmer in the north than in the south, with temperatures near the Gulf of Mexico occasionally reaching 100 °F (38 °C), although temperatures above 95 °F (35 °C) are commonplace. In northern Louisiana, the temperatures reach above 105 °F (41 °C) in the summer. 27 average tornadoes Louisiana annually. Tornadoes usually come in the month of January to March in the southern part of the state, and from February through March in the northern part of the state.

     

    Hurricanes

    • September 1, 2008, Gustav made landfall along the Louisiana coast near Cocodire in southeastern Louisiana. August 31 it had been estimated by the National Hurricane Center that the hurricane would remain at Category 3 or above till September 1, but in the event the center of Gustav made landfall as a strong Category 2 hurricane (1 mph below Category 3), and dropped to Category 1 soon after. Due to that NHC's predicts there had been a huge evacuation of New Orleans amid warnings (for example from the city's mayor, Ray Nagin) that this would be the “storm of the century”, potentially more devastating than Katrina almost exactly three years earlier, but these fears were not realised. Nevertheless, a significant number of deaths were caused by or attributed to Gustav, and around 1.5 million people were without power in Louisiana on September 1.
    • September 24, 2005, Rita (Category 3 at landfall) struck southwestern Louisiana, flooding many parishes and cities along the coast, including Cameron Parish, Lake Charles, and other towns..
    • August 29, 2005, Katrina (Category 3 at landfall) struck and devastated southeastern Louisiana, while breached and undermined levees in New Orleans allowed 80% of the city to flood. Most peoples had been rescued but the majority of the population was homeless.

    In sense of geology the strata of the state are of Cretaceous age and are covered by deposits of Tertiary and post-Tertiary origin. Louisiana State’s large part is the creation and product of the Mississippi River.

     

    As of July 2005 (prior to the landfall of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita), Louisiana has an estimated population of 4,523,628, which is an increase of 16,943, or 0.4%, from the prior year and an increase of 54,670, or 1.2%, since 2000. The population density of the state is 102.6 people/square mile.

    The Creole type peoples of Louisiana are divided into two racial divisions. Créole was the term first given to French settlers born in Louisiana when it was a colony of France. In Spanish language the word for natives was criollo. Given the immigration and settlement method, white Creoles who where predominately of French and Spanish ancestry. There is slave population which grew in Louisiana, so the enslaved blacks who could be called Creoles because they born in this colony.

    Louisiana's population has the second largest proportion of black Americans (32.5%) in the United States, behind neighboring Mississippi (36.3%). Consequently, no difference is made between those in Louisiana of English-speaking habitants and those of French-speaking habitants.


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