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  • Going Underground


    The 2 most ordinary outdoor fiber optic cable equipments are pole line aerial installation as well as underground cable installation. Underground cable installation could be buried straight underground or placed in a buried duct.


    Direct burial installation:


    These are very common for extended cross-country fittings. The cables are cultivated in or else buried in the trench; the fitting procedure could be extremely fast. The most ordinary cables utilized for direct burial are the steel unbreakable outside fiber cables.


    Underground duct installation:


    Fiber optic cables could even be pulled during underground ducts that defend the cables from unkind environment. Underground duct fitting also provides chance for upcoming growth devoid of the necessity to dig. This is the most ordinary practice in the urban areas. One more advantage is that the fiber cables devoid of armor could be utilized that makes the fitting even easier.


    Research prior to the underground cable installation:


    1. Acquire appropriate right-of-way permits.


    2. Recognize existing underground utilities like pipes and buried cables.


    3. Examine the soil state with the intention to decide the fitting deepness, whether duct must be used, the kind of fiber cable must be used as well as plowing tools required.


    Cable Burial methods:


    1. Plowed under


    Plowing in the fiber cable is quicker than trenched. However this procedure needs to be cautiously checked to stop from harming the cable.


    2. Trenched


    The fiber cable could even be trenched. This procedure is slow than plowing in; though, it permits a much more forbidden cable fitting. Trenches could be dug by hands or by the machine.


    3. Directional boring


    This method is utilized where the surface could not be worked on like high, railway crossings. In spite, a boring machine is utilized to bore a few inches width hole under the surface, duct is pulling during the hole as well as then the fiber cables pulled in the duct.


    Important factors:


    1. Cable installation depth: up till 40 inches


    The depth which fiber cables must be buried is decided by the surface usage and soil conditions. In colder regions, fiber cables are normally buried under the frost line to check the cables from being injured by land frost heaves.


    2. Keep the trenches straight as feasible


    Fiber cable trenches must be straight, as well as the trench bottom must be level and flat. Backfill could even be used to allocate the cable load uniformly and defend the cables.


    3. Fiber cable warning labels must be buried straight over the cable


    Fiber optic warning cables are usually buried straight over the cables to caution future digging processes. Or concrete slabs could be buried under the warning label however above the cables to offer even more defense.


    4. Whenever performing the armored   are utilized, they must be appropriately grounded


    In straight burial fittings, steel armored cables are regularly selected for their power and defense from rodent bites. A very significant thing to remember is to appropriately ground the cables. They must be grounded at all the termination points, splices along with building entrances. Cable steel armor must be linked to the ground wire utilizing a compression-type clamp.


    5. Fiber optic cable least bending radius must always be experiential in installation.