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  • Mining and Drilling in North America

     

    At the heart of mining and drilling are blasting, drilling, loading and process; the drilling from suppliers to technology and equipment. Mining and drilling companies are the foundation of many economies in both developed and developing world. There are new explorations being developed each day and discoveries negotiated. Having a successful and profitable mining business requires good geologists, efficient pilot plant and willing investors.

     

    A geologist studies the physical structure and processes of the earth and planets of the solar system. Their background would include a significant coursework in physics and mathematics, chemistry and biology, just to name a few.

     

    Mining history in Canada goes back to over 6,000 years ago to the trading of native copper mined in the Lake Superior area. The first mining was carried out by the First Nations people who used the copper they produced to make tools, jewelry and trade with fellow tribes. The United States is a major contributor to the global mining industry. The United States is the world’s second largest producer of copper and gold with exports over $26 billion worth of minerals and material produced from minerals each year. Its’ mining industry employs over 3 million people directly and indirectly. The coal industry in the U.S. dates back to 1,000 AD when the Indians living in what is now Arizona, used coal to bake pottery made from clay.

     

    Most employment created through mining and drilling can be entered right out of high school. The increasing sophistication of equipment and machinery may require a higher level of technical skill in the near future. The earnings in this industry is higher than average compared to other industries. Products of the mining industry generate the majority of energy used in this country from electricity in homes to fuel in our vehicles. The mining industry contains five main industry segments which are defined by the resources they produce: oil and gas extraction, coal mining, metal ore mining, nonmetallic mineral mining and quarrying, and support activities for mining.


    The oil and gas extraction produces petroleum and natural gas to heat homes, fuel our cars and power factories. Petroleum products are also raw materials for plastics, chemicals, medicines, fertilizers, and synthetic fibers. Petroleum is commonly called crude oil or just oil is a liquid formed under ground from the decay of plants and animals over millions of years through extreme heat and pressure. Sometimes this decaying material becomes trapped under a layer of impermeable rock that prevents it from dispersing and creates a pocket of oil. Finding and extracting oil and gas in these pockets is the primary function of this industry.

     

    The coal mining industry produces coal, a fossil fuel that is used primarily for electric power generation and in the production of steel. It is also formed over millions of years from plant and animal matter but unlike oil, coal is a solid and therefore miners must go into the earth to recover it. May coal seams are located close to the surface, which makes the extraction easier. Metal ore mining covers primarily gold, silver, iron, copper, lead and zinc. Most metals do not exist in concentrated form but rather in small traces in rock called ore. A massive amount of rock has to be mined in order to find just a small portion of this type of metal.


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