The Beauty of History: Museums
Within most major towns there is a focal museum that can house almost everything of interest. In the smaller towns you may find smaller museums that are dedicated to a local famous person, inventor or to compliment a major factory of fine things. There are on average over fifty thousand museums currently open to the public in the world. The aim of the museum is to preserve artifacts of every shape and form for the viewing of future generations. The artifacts are of historical, artistic and scientific importance ranging from Roman artifacts to the more recent unique examples of antiques right through to dinosaur bone collections. Depending on the purpose of the particular museum will depend on what items they will house. Museums are open to the public and some require payment for you to visit them where as others do not. The profits made by museums are put back into the museums to put towards the care and protection of the artifacts. Some museums are privately own where as others are owned by they country’s government. The artifacts, paintings and objects are kept most often behind glass, to protect them from handling the public are able to view them but not touch them.
There are many different types of museums throughout the world. Some of the more well known are natural history museums, history museums, fine arts museums, archaeology museums, zoological garden museums, science museums, military museums, anthropology museums and dinosaur museums. For the purpose of this article we are going to look at a few different types of museums in more detail.
Natural history museums house items that are of natural historical and scientific importance. They hold exhibitions that show off the artifacts which include dinosaurs, anthropology, environmental issues like climate change, ancient history and evolution.
Art museums are the more well known types of museums that most people think of when museums are mentioned. Huge collections of sculptures and paintings are shown in these museums. The more important old master prints are kept in the printing room and often copies are on show so that the originals are protected. Other items are shown in this type of museum like visual arts, illustrations, ceramics, metalwork, certain types of furniture and mosaics. The historical importance of these artifacts is protected so that future generations will be able to view them in hundreds of years to come. Celebrated museums of art are the British Museum, Kuunst museum, Uffizi gallery museum, the hermitage museum and the Lourve.
History museums house the archaeological, antiquities and important documents of history. Some history museums are local homes that used to belong to famous people of the by gone eras and some are larger housed within beautiful building within large towns. These are the museums that hold the precious documents such as the American Constitution and other such great works of historical importance. Some historic sites become museums especially those who have suffered crimes within their walls or areas. White chapel in London England has a museum dedicated to Jack the Ripper.